After the Pan African Congress in Manchester England in October 1945, the African leaders came with a renewed resolve to emancipate Africa
The conference gave birth to the idea which led to the formation of the Organization of African Unity in May 1963 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
For Southern Africa, the Regional Pan-Africanists founded the Pan-African Freedom Movement for Eastern, Central and Southern African (PAFMECSA) in 1958.
The biggest challenge that the African leaders faced was the lack of Unity of Purpose. African Leaders could not agree on the Political Integration but agreed on the Urgency of the total liquidation of colonialism from Africa. Independent Ethiopia under the leadership of Emperor Haile Selassie hosted the conference that ushered the Organization of African Unity into existence. 30 States were represented at the conference in Addis Ababa. In the preamble of the Organization of African Unity charter, they argued that their resolution be based on
Common desire for Union and Mutual Assistance
The Preservation of National Independence and Sovereignty
In East Africa, Mwalimu Julius Kambarange Nyerere offered to delay the independence of the United Republic of Tanzania in order for Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania to be one country but Mzee Jomo Kenyatta was not for the idea of Political Integration of the three countries. Mwalimu Julius Kambarange Nyerere was ready to let Mzee Jomo Kenyatta to be leader of the three countries.
The Pan African Leaders were of the idea that Africa can never be free until all states on the continent were rid of imperialism.
In Southern Africa, Kenneth David Buchizya Kaunda sacrificed alot to the emancipation of Southern African Nations. He faced hostile Political Reception from the Governments of Ian Smith in Southern Rhodesia and the Apartheid Regime in South Africa. Freedom Fighters from Southern Rhodesia and South Africa such as Joshua Nkomo, Emmerson Munangagwa, Oliver R Tambo and many others were hosted by Zambia at the time of high political tension against Independence Movements in their countries. This move by Kaunda made it difficult for the Zambian Economy to grow as he desired as the Ian Smith led government closed its borders with Zambia.
The challenges that the Pan African Leaders faced in the lead up to the Independence of various African Nations can be traced to the Pan African Congress in Manchester England in October 1945.