According to the third law of motion by Sir Isaac Newton says “For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.” However true this law might be, it makes for sad reading when applied in the context of man’s activities on the environment. What the globe is experiencing today stems from man’s past activities on the environment that did not put into consideration what consequences might follow.
Climate change is a long-term change in the average weather patterns that have come to define Earth’s local, regional and global climates. These changes in weather patterns have compelled the United Nations to target mitigating the challenges posed by uncertain global climates. This is targeted in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals Number 13 which emphasizes on Climate Action. The goal targets the following:
Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries. Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning
Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible
Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and Small Island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities
These targets by the global body are in a bid to mitigate the impending doom that may come upon the world because the challenges and effects of climate change are right before the eyes of the world
The effects of climate change, which are slowly taking their toll in many different parts of the globe today, are because of man being a bad steward of the environment. For a long time now, many doomsayers thought the issue of climate change was just a hoax and that those pushing the agenda are after monetary gains. However, the adverse effects of the changing climate are a sad reality right before our eyes. For examples, industrialization is credited for the massive developments the world overseen over the years. Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in the mid-1700s, however, human activities have added more and more of these gases into the atmosphere.The levels of carbon dioxide, a powerful greenhouse gas; have risen by 35 percent since 1750, largely from the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas. With more greenhouse gases in the mix, the atmosphere acts like a thickening blanket and traps more heat. This has led to rising temperatures world over.
Man’s actions such as deforestation, charcoal burning and removing vegetation from the environment has brought this impasse before the world, which was once safe haven years ago. Natural disasters are now more prominent than ever because the effects of not having balanced atmospheric conditions has led to rising sea levels which result in storms, floods and cyclones, erratic rains which result in partial or full droughts. The floods and storms that from time to time beseech the world today were preventable if the warning of the climatic experts was heed. Weather organizations are warning that if man doesn’t heed the call for protecting the environment and nature in generally, then Natural disasters will come to be the order of the day in many parts of the globe. As things stand, a year hardly goes by without experiencing a natural disaster attributed to the effects of change in climatic conditions. Poor environmental management can be termed as a dormant volcano waiting to erupt any moment
However, actions to remedy the situation have continued to being implemented until a satisfactory situation are achieved. This means that the programs to improve the situation should be on going and never stop. To begin with, coastal areas that are very vulnerable to these disasters, should have deliberate policies of reforesting and restoring the mangrove forests that are very cardinal in combating this scourge that has befallen the world. The forests do not only help to improve the atmospheric conditions but also save as barriers against the floods and storms. They also help in the process of transpiration and maintain the required amount of oxygen in the environment. This will help remedy the situation even as other more technical but safe means of combat this challenge are being sort. #CLIMATEACTION